Are Web Series TV online?

At a recent conference in LA,* a producer on a panel to an audience of convergent content creators boldly declared that web series should just be called series, dropping the heavy-laden word “web” from the phrase. He is not alone in this viewpoint. We’ve seen increasing efforts from various people to change the language around web series the more TV converges with digital.  Recently, a plethora of confusing terms have been bandied about in order to escape the hangover of “amateurity” that web series and vlogs are often accused of. Netflix, for instance, refers to its original programming as “Original Series,” neither employing the words “TV” or “web” (see Glossary below).

It might seem like a no-brainer, more and more TV series are being legally distributed and watched online through broadcast website portals and apps. And with digital subscription portals like Netflix now producing shows, there is almost no distinction between comedy and narrative series produced for a broadcaster and an online/digital portal (although Arrested Development’s “binge” release strategy informed the non-linear “arc” of its second season on Netflix.)

Further to conflate the issue, online distribution platforms are beginning to behave more and more like broadcasters: see Youtube’s investment into MCNs for the production of original content, and Maker’s takeover of Blip and all that entails for example.

At the end of the day, does the audience care if it is called a web series or TV series, as long as they enjoy the content when they want, how they want? Aren’t web series just like TV Series that are distributed and watched online? Shouldn’t we just start calling them all series?

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Learning From Orson

Understanding “Audiences” in Transmedia & Web Series


A friend of mine, Robert Mills (Big Comfy Couch, Ruffus the Dog) recently called attention to this gem of a video with Orson Welles explaining the function of audiences and how to tame them/win them over. It is a short clip, less than seven minutes long, but packed with a lot of meat, and I was astounded at its relevance in understanding audiences today: or rather the people formerly known as the audience, as some bemusedly refer to them now for lack of a better term.

The Studio Audience

Orson Welles begins by making a bold declaration:

“Audiences in the real sense of the word are disappearing; there are almost none left. It’s an endangered species.”

Naturally this statement comes as a shock to the studio audience present during this live taping of the Dinah Shore show, but Orson sanguinely explains that the studio audience is not an audience. Because, he states with a bit of cheek, they “got in free.” Welles thus proceeds to address the studio audience directly by stating:

“Not only did you get in free, but you know, as does every studio audience, that you are not here to do anything but to be a member of the cast and help us look good.”

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Case Study: 10 Genius Tactics from The LBD Campaign


lbd-thumbThe Lizzie Bennet Diaries (LBD) web series astounded many people, not only with its breakout mainstream success, but its record-breaking Kickstarter campaign to become at one point the fourth top successful campaign in the Film & Video category (to later be pushed into 6th place only by Zach Braff’s WISH I WERE HERE and Zane Lamprey’s CHUG campaigns).

The campaign had fulfilled its $60,000 goal well under three hours the first day and went on to earn close to 800% overall of what the team had originally asked. Whereas the campaign did bank on the huge success of the series, there were several genius strategies and tactics that are worth taking a special look at. Each suggests something greater: a paradigm shift in the relationship with content creators and fans, and it is prudent for content creators to understand these new dynamics.


Here are ten that stood out to me personally:

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Storyworlds: A False Framework

s1The Storyworld framework [1] serves many useful purposes when thinking about transmedia and strategizing for many transmedia properties. For one, it provides a useful catchall that marries story + technology + franchise + metrics in an anamorphous theoretical bubble. As a metaphorical framework, the Storyworld Hollywood franchise model [2] presents a bird’s eye view of the entire scope of a project in order to see how the multifarious parts fit together, looking at the forest from the sky…sometimes even before the first seedlings are planted.

A transmedia strategist who is a proponent of the Storyworld franchise model must maintain the big-picture thinking and be the visionary who provides the narrative framework that demarcates within it all the disparate specific parts of the franchise moving together strategically: much as a tactical army general strategically playing with tin soldiers would. Transmedia strategists employ framing devices such as storyworld bibles, transmedia diagrams, spreadsheets galore, etc. to this end.

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Smash Worlds

s3This is a story about finding lost.

Allow me to begin with a disruption, an interruption of form, to throw you off your horse, throw you down, and hopefully, by the end, overthrow.

“If you haven’t noticed I have a horrible tendency of beating a subject to death with a horse,” I had just said to Rhys in a brilliant moment of Red Bull + Vodka + two-hours-sleep-a-night post Storyworld exhaustion.

This story is meandering and sometimes goes off track. And doesn’t lead to a finite end point and I’m content with that. And maybe I will lose you along the way and that’s okay. But I do hope you soon find lost too.

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Storyworlds: A Need for A New Model

s2The challenge for those utilizing the Storyworld Hollywood franchise model (particularly those who are independent creatives) is then to aspire to an insurmountable and unattainable pinnacle of immersion and pervasion that is near impossible to pull off with success unless it comes with a blockbuster franchise budget (or shoe elves). The model also assumes that pervasive immersion is what any given target-audience actually desires.

And it is the dominance of the Hollywood Storyworld franchise model fostered (more and more so) within the global transmedia storytelling entertainment communit(ies) that is leading to a plethora of muddled and mired properties that are all attempting to replicate “a kitchen and the sink” approach as the dominant transmedia strategy de jour. We see this again and again with many independent creative driven properties that all have strong narrative ideas sadly weakened by overblown expectations in terms of both platform integration, scope and reach of user engagement. Particularly with Canadians trying to fit Hollywood square pegs into Canadian film/TV landscape round holes when devising their transmedia strategies in applying for funding.

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Is Rape Never Funny?

936full-seven-brides-for-seven-brothers-photocat-not-funnyAs a storyteller who often sifts through the blender grind of my existence: the pulpy mash and grit of my childhood, history and culture, I am of the firm belief that no topic is too sacred, too painful or horrific that it does not bear being told through the lens of story. It is the way I personally process the world, bleeding the toxic poison of my both my child and womanhood onto paper in ink: a formalized bloodletting that pushes pain out of me. Often my more serious writing, and even my pulp-fiction, deals with cultures of violence and silence and ritualized physical and sexual abuse with not only pathos but wit and humour as well – a survival skill my mother taught me, and taught me well, to make lighthearted jokes of the most serious of matters. Why cry when you can laugh? Or as John Candy more accurately put it: Laughing on the Outside while Crying in the Inside. And so I have a bit of a rap for being a funny lady – a bit cheeky and someone often not to be taken so serious even when the most serious subjects threaten to cloud ponderously in the room.

However, the subject of if the topic of rape is off limits in story or even joke telling is a different question entirely than: Is Rape Never Funny? And I encourage you to read Chuck Wendig’s brilliant response to the latest “rape joke” controversy…this time brought on by Matthew Inman’s ill-considered The Oatmeal comic. But as for myself, I’d like to attempt to answer that question the only way I know how – by telling you a story: one that is most certainly true but written to you by a writer of fiction, or “pathological liar” if you prefer.

Last spring I went to New York and needed a place to stay. On a limited micro budget, I decided to use one of those websites that hooks you up with locals who have rooms and apartments to rent. Read more

10 Things I Learned From Story Hack

Last week I met and teamed up with three virtual strangers to create a transmedia spectacle to live three platforms (or more in our case) for StoryCode’s Story Hack: Beta at the Lincoln Center April 28th and 29th. Since much has already been covered by my fellow Team US Maple teammates James Carter and Randy Astle (here, here,  here, here and here) outlining the event, I will just dive into the lessons learned.

In the first part of this series, I will illuminate what the experience has taught me in how to work more efficiently in the future based on the mistakes we (or largely I) made. The next part will dive into hot tips based on what our team nailed right from the get-go.

1) When planning your work flow don’t forget an essential item such as  your User Interface.


It’s great to mesh several divergent technologies together for a cohesive narrative experience but don’t overlook the essentials that will bring those elements together. Or in other words:

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